5 to 6 million cocoa farmers world wide
40 to 50 million people depend on cocoa for their livleihood
Current global market value of annual crop: 5.1 billion dollars
Cocoa growing regions: Africa, Asia, Central America, South America (all within 20 degrees of the equator)
Percentage of cocoa that comes from West Africa: 70 percent
Welcome! Thanks for visiting Slave Free Chocolate.  We are a grass roots organization with a simple mission.  Child slaves are being used to work and harvest cocoa on the farms in West Africa.  We thought this issue was resolved with the Harkin-Engel Protocol of 2001.  This protocol signed by all of the major importers and manufactures of cocoa called for a vast reduction in the problem by 2005 and another milestone in 2008.  Sadly, there is little evidence that anything has changed. Fortunately, media attention in 2007 has prompted some new action from the agencies involved. If we keep on top of this, it will make it harder for those involved to fade back into the woodwork when media attention dies out. Our mission is not to boycott cocoa or chocolate but to put pressure on the powers involved to implement what is already in place.   
Cargill announces new plan.
Côte d'Ivoire and West Africa

Although cocoa is grown in several areas throughout the world, West Africa produces nearly three-quarters of the world’s cocoa. Côte d'Ivoire is the largest producer, with over 800,000 small-scale farmers and representing over 40 percent of the world’s supply.

As a key processor of Ivorian cocoa, Cargill is financing and supporting activities that are helping small-scale farmers and communities increase their incomes from cocoa, improve farming practices, and access essential financial and logistical support.

Joint Statement from U.S. Senator Tom Harkin, Representative Eliot Engel and the Chocolate and Cocoa Industry on the Implementation of the Harkin-Engel Protocol

 Protocol Drives Number of Achievements; Industry Outlines Next Steps

WASHINGTON, DC, USA (June 16, 2008) - In September 2001, industry representatives signed an agreement, today known as the “Harkin-Engel Protocol,” developed in partnership with U.S. Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) and U.S. Representative Eliot Engel (D-NY).  The agreement laid out a series of steps aimed at eliminating the worst forms of child labor and forced adult labor from cocoa growing in West Africa.  An unprecedented effort, the Protocol marked the first time that an entire industry stepped forward and worked with governments, civil society and other stakeholders to address the worst forms of child labor and forced adult labor in its supply chain.

Cocoa Industry Fails to Deliver on July 1, 2008 Child Labor Commitments  ILRF Releases New Analysis of Industry’s Failure to Eliminate Child Labor    The chocolate industry has failed to provide consumers with a reasonable assurance that the chocolate they buy was made without exploited and trafficked child labor. Major chocolate companies signed what is referred to as the Harkin-Engel Protocol in 2001, promising to eliminate the worst forms of child labor from their supply chains, after media stories emerged depicting the widespread use of forced child labor and trafficking on West African cocoa farms. After failing to meet their July 1, 2005 commitments, the Protocol was weakened and extended to July 1, 2008. Once again, the industry has missed the deadline.    Bama Athreya , Executive Director of the International Labor Rights Forum , said, “The major chocolate companies are not able to prove the elimination of exploited child labor in their cocoa supply, nor show concrete improvements in West African farmers’ lives. Consumers cannot be assured today that their favorite chocolate candies are made without abusive child labor.”    In a new report issued today, titled “The Cocoa Protocol: Success or Failure,” the International Labor Rights Forum presented the following findings:    • The original intent of the ‘protocol’ has not been achieved, and consumers today have no more assurance than they did eight years ago that trafficked or exploited child labor was not used in the production of their chocolate; • Industry is making false claims regarding certification; • Industry may be assigning itself too much credit for activities that may in any case have resulted from bilateral and multilateral government engagement;   • ‘Verification’ has been rendered irrelevant by the fact that the process supported by industry no longer bears any relation to supply chain monitoring or certification;   • Industry-supported programs have not been properly evaluated and therefore the actual impacts of such programs are unknown;   • Industry has not adequately defined what it considers remediation;   • Reports from West Africa point to the continued use of the worst forms of child labor as well as trafficking of children.     The report presents the following recommendations*:    • Companies should establish traceability within their own supply chain to the farm or cooperative level; • Companies should work through existing initiatives (for example, Fair Trade, Utz Certified and Rainforest Alliance) to develop stronger methodologies for labor standards monitoring and link these systems directly to the government processes with an incentive/sanction system; • Companies should ensure that their own operations and their supply chains adhere to internationally established codes of practice, including the ILO Tripartite Declaration for Multinational Enterprises and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Corporations; • The US Government should cease to protect the interests of chocolate companies and instead invest in funding multilateral initiatives through the ILO-IPEC program and through funding for the Education for All initiative, and should support revenue transparency in the cocoa sector.    Tim Newman of ILRF’s Campaigns Department stated, “Consumers should reward companies with ethical integrity in their supply chains and continue to demand that world’s largest chocolate companies answer the question of how consumers can be assured their chocolate is not produced using exploited child labor.”   
Child Labor Commitments  ILRF Releases New Analysis of Industry’s Failure to Eliminate Child Labor 

Nestlé and the Cynical Use of Certification; “Fair Trade” for Some Tiny Percentage Gives Reputational Boost
By Jeff Ballinger

Do we debate Fairtrade (Ft) labeling and marketing in the U.S.?  No, not so much – at least not compared to Britain, where it is something of a blood sport (some links below).  It may be somewhat unfair to lump Ft in with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), but that’s the direction in which I’m presently leaning – especially since I started researching issues related to TransFair USA’s imminent launch of a pilot factory standard for clothes.  

Nestlé strategy with Kit Kat – the largest-selling candy bar in the UK – is to spend less than a million dollars annually for a Ft premium to cocoa growers so that all KK’s sold in the UK + Ireland get the Ft logo.  This amount is less than 2% of the advertising budget for Nescafe/UK and, indeed, should be viewed as part of that advertising spending.  

Cocoa strategy, then, closely follows Nestlé behavior vis a vis sourcing ethical coffee (0.2% of total purchases).  Why bother?  There’s an opinion from Mike Brady, Campaigns and Networking Coordinator at Baby Milk Action here: “In evaluating Nestlé's motives, we shouldn't forget that the Chairman, Peter Brabeck-Letmathé, has said that Nestlé should only support charities if it will benefit his shareholders and the reasoning here [Kit Kat] will be the same.”  Many other relevant views expressed here in 2007 BBC magazine story: How fair is Fairtrade?

For comments on a fine opinion piece in the Guardian 10 days ago, see Andrew Chambers’ “Not So Fair Trade.” Just yesterday, Prof. Daniel Jaffee (Washington State University) cleared up what he saw as a misrepresentation of his position – very interesting (& includes this insight: “If TNCs such as Nestlé and Dole are allowed to dabble in fair trade at token proportions of their overall volume - without being held to firm minimum percentage levels and being forced to raise those volumes steadily over time -fair trade runs the risk of serving to sanitize the image of corporations with poor human rights records, of becoming a “fair-washing” device...”) 

Nestle Joins Mars in Vow to Aid Female Farmers After Criticism

Nestle SA (NESN) and Mars Inc. vowed to work to improve the well-being of women cocoa farmers after an Oxfam International report detailed shortcomings among food companies in fostering human rights and sustainability. 

Nestle and Mars, which together control 27 percent of the world chocolate market, have assured Oxfam they will conduct assessments within a year on the well-being of women among its raw-material suppliers in Ivory Coast, the world’s biggest cocoa producer, Oxfam said today in a news release. The companies will then take action to improve women’s livelihoods and work with other organizations to address gender inequality across the industry, it said. 

“It makes sense for us to be a part of an intentional approach to empowering women,” Barry Parkin, head of global chocolate procurement and sustainability operation for McLean, Virginia-based Mars, said in a statement. Nestle, based in Vevey, Switzerland, said it’s aiming to increase opportunities for women in its cocoa supply chain. 

Greater corporate concern for human rights, endorsed by the United Nations in 2011, has been urged by advocacy groups as businesses expand operations in sub-Saharan Africa and other developing regions. Companies including ConAgra Foods Inc. (CAG) and Royal Dutch Shell Plc (RDSA) have joined initiatives such as the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil and created certifications such as Fair Trade to monitor business practices and encourage improvements. 

Supporting Women 

Nestle, the maker of KitKat and Butterfinger candy bars, said it’s been looking at ways to strengthen its efforts to support women in its supply chains since Oxfam’s report in February. Mars, which makes Snickers and Three Musketeers, “knows firsthand how important women are to creating a better quality of life for the cocoa communities we work in,” Parkin said in a statement. 

“Only actions can create real and lasting change,” Alison Woodhead, manager for Oxfam’s Behind the Brands Campaign, which is organizing protests against company practices, said in the organization’s statement. “We will continue to hold both companies to account and expect them to keep their promises.” 

Oxfam, a U.K.-based humanitarian advocacy group, gave major food businesses including Associated British Foods Plc (ABF) and Kellogg Co. (K) failing grades in a report last month examining corporate policies in seven areas: the land rights of small farmers; exploitation of women, farmers and workers; climate change; business transparency; and water use. Companies were rated on a scale of 1 to 10. 

Company Scores 

Nestle, which had the highest overall score of 38 out of a possible 70 in the study, scored 4 on women’s issues, while Mars, fifth overall, received a 1. None of the 10 companies profiled at the time knew or were trying to find out how many women farmers are involved in their supply chains or what kind of farming activities they are engaged in, Oxfam said. 

After visiting Ivory Coast farms, Oxfam representatives found women, who do much of the work on cocoa farms while owning few of them, to be underpaid and left out of leadership positions. 

The 10 businesses studied in Oxfarm’s February are among the top producers in the global food-and-beverage industry, which Istanbul-based consultancy IMAP Inc. values at almost $7 trillion. Nestle, the world’s largest food company, last year had revenues of $92.2 billion.   Click Here for Bloomberg Press 

Critics: Chocolate financing Ivory Coast's Gbagbo
(AP) – Feb. 14, 2011

JOHANNESBURG (AP) — Some of the cocoa in that Valentine's Day chocolate probably came from a West African country where the man in power for a decade is still clinging to office. And activists say consumers might also think twice if they knew unpaid 5-year-olds helped produce it.


Estimated 1.8 million children are at risk.
Watch the Dark Side of Chocolate
Final 4th Tulane Report
From Huffington Post--Conflict Free Chocolate: 5 Tips For Buying This Easter 

This Easter, ensure that you're not filling your basket with treats that are the product of modern-day slaves engaged in forced labor.

According to Stop the Traffick, 1.8 million children are subjected to hard labor and horrible working conditions on West African cocoa farms, which is where 70 percent of the world's chocolate comes from. 
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